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2019高考大纲英语写作规定话题(14):天气

2019-02-14 17:36

来源:新东方网编辑整理

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  为大家整理这24个话题经常涉及到的词汇、短语和优秀句型,大家一定要做好日常的素材积累,这样的话高考写作无论考什么话题,大家都能做到胸有成竹!

  一、话题词汇

  weather 天气,气象

  climate 气候

  rain 雨

  sky 天空

  snow 雪

  storm 暴风雨

  thunder 雷

  heat 炎热天气

  degree 度数

  season 季节

  blow 吹

  destroy 破坏

  fall 跌,倒,下降

  last 持续

  pour 倾倒、倒,灌

  forecast 预报

  depend 依靠

  shine 发光,照耀

  drop 落下,降落

  cause 引起,促使

  sunny 阳光灿烂的

  cold 冷的

  warm 温暖的

  changeable 易变的、常变的

  violent 猛烈的,激烈的

  dry 干的,干燥的

  sunburnt 晒黑的

  misty 有薄雾的,模糊的

  fine 晴朗的

  cloudy 多云的

  二、话题词组/短语

  be likey to 有可能

  in general 总的来说

  by comparison 相比之下,比较而言

  as soon as possible 尽快

  quantities of 大量的

  weather forecast\report 天气预报

  heavy showers 强降雨

  return to normal 恢复正常

  be caught in a heavy rain 遇上一场大雨

  be covered with ice and snow 被冰雪覆盖

  donate\contribute money to sb. 给某人捐款

  rebuild one’s homeland 重建家园

  sunny then cloudy\cloudy then rainy 晴转多云\多云转雨

  with more than 200 people injured\missing 有200多人受伤\失踪

  cause economic losses 经济损失

  sunny then cloudy/cloudy then rainy 晴转阴/阴转雨

  heavy showers 强阵雨

  a sunny day 阳光灿烂的一天

  weather forecast/report 天气预报

  drop/fall to five degree below zero 降到零下八度

  freezing cold/burning hot 非常寒冷/炎热

  be caught in a heavy rain 遇上一场大雨

  rains cats and dogs/pouring rain 倾盆大雨

  take an umbrella or raincoat 带一把雨伞或一件雨衣

  (buildings) fall down (房屋)倒塌

  (water and power supplies) be cut off (水电)被切断

  last as long as over a month 延续长达一个月

  be destroyed in the hurricane 在飓风中被毁坏

  be covered with ice and snow 被冰雪覆盖

  (people) be killed in the flood/storm 在洪水/暴风雨中遇难

  cause 13 deaths and 5 people missing 造成3个死亡和2人失踪

  with more than 200 people injured/missing 有200多人受伤/失踪

  sth be in ruins; fall into ruins 某物成为废墟

  become homeless 变得无家可归

  cause great damage/economic losses 造成巨大损失/经济损失

  send out rescue teams 派出救援队

  donate/contribute money to sb 给某人捐款

  rebuild one’s homeland 重建家园

  return to normal 恢复正常

  flood control and drought relief 防汛抗旱

  三、话题佳句/句式

  The more carbon dioxide in the air, the more heat it will absorb, and the warmer the earth will be. 空气中二氧化碳越多,吸收的热量就越多,地球就会变得越暖。

  The most important thing we should do is to try our best to exploit and popularize the clean energy, such as the solar and wind energy. 我们应该做的最重要的事情就是尽力去开发和普及洁净能源,如太阳能和风能 。

  Nowadays, natural disasters have been more widespread and more frequent, becoming very rapidly an increasing threat to development. 如今,自然灾害更加普遍和频繁,迅速成为了发展越来越大的危胁。

  Natural disasters do bring people pain, however, they urge us to reconsider our behavior toward our mother nature. 自然灾害的确给人们带来痛苦,但他们要求我们重新考虑我们对大自然的态度。

  The city government took effective measures to protect rare animals.政府采取有效措施保护珍稀动物。

  四、连句成篇

  1.北京房山曾遇上一场大雨,这场大雨延续长达一个月。(非限制性定语从句)

  2.由于这场暴风雨的到来,有人在这暴风雨中遇难,许多建筑在飓风中被破坏。

  3.不仅几乎所有人都变得无家可归,而且整座城市几乎都成为了废墟。(倒装句)

  4,国家政府一方面派出救援队为这座受灾城市重建家园,一方面呼吁其他城市献爱心,给这座城市捐款。

  5.在一切恢复正常后,当地政府吸取教训,积极提高人们防汛抗旱的意识。

  Beijing Fangshan had been caught in a heavy rain, which lasted as long as over a month. Due to the arrival of storm, some people were killed in the storm, and what’s worse, many buildings were destroyed in the hurricane. Not only were almost all people homeless, but also nearly all the whole city fell into ruins. On the one hand, the national government sent out rescue teams to rebuild their homes for the stricken city, and on the one hand, it appeals to other cities to show their love and to donate money to the city. After everything returned to normal, the local government learnt the lesson and actively improves people's awareness of flood control and drought relief.

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